Wrist Pain: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

by Administrator 19. March 2015 09:12

Wrist is a complex joint that is made of a number of bones, which are connected with various ligaments, joints, muscle and nerves. Damage to any of these structures can lead to wrist injury. Wrist pain commonly occurs due to an injury or fracture, repeated stress, carpal tunnel syndrome, Arthritis and various other reasons.

Causes:

Wrist pain occurs due to an array of reasons including

  • Injury and fracture that occurs because of falling on the outstretched hand
  • With age the bones become weak and susceptible to injury
  • Tendonitis and bursitis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis, which may affect one or both the wrists
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome that results due to compression of median nerve
  • Repetitive movement of wrist such as typing on keyboard, sewing, etc
  • Overuse of wrist
  • Infection
  • Gout
  • Ganglion cyst

Symptoms:

Some of the common symptoms of wrist pain include:

  • Pain of varying intensity
  • Burning sensation
  • Tenderness
  • Stiffness
  • Numbness
  • Lumps
  • Bruises
  • Inability to move the joint
  • Muscle weakness
  • Wrist deformity
  • Inflammation

Diagnosis:

In order to treat the wrist pain effectively, it is important to diagnose the condition and determine the cause of the pain. The orthopedic doctor will physically examine the wrist and question the patient about his medical history. Certain imaging tests such as MRI, X-ray, CT scan, bone scan, also assist in determining the extent of the condition.

Treatment:

Depending upon the cause of the pain, patient’s age and the general health of the patient, the orthopedic surgeon will decide a course of treatment. In order to manage pain and improve mobility of the wrist, the doctor recommends various treatments.

The patient can be advised to use ice packs, cold compression and elastic bandage to get relief from the injury. The physician usually also prescribes anti-inflammatory medicines to reduce inflammation and pain. The patients are also advised to use wrist support such as braces, splints, or cast in order to support the wrist. In case the symptoms are severe like a fracture or symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, then the orthopedic surgeon may need to repair the tendons and ligaments surgically. The surgeon frees the trapped tendons, removes damaged tissues and fuses the wrist.

For rehabilitation and post surgery care, the physician could refer the patient to an occupational or physical therapist. The physiotherapist will help the patient rebuild the strength with different exercises and recover from the surgery.

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